Subject: MAX Digest - 18 Sep 1999 to 21 Sep 1999 - Special issue (#1999-278)
Date: Tue, 21 Sep 1999 16:34:36 -0400
From:
Automatic digest processor <LISTSERV@LISTS.MCGILL.CA>
Reply-To: MAX - Interactive Music/Multimedia Standard Environments <MAX@LISTS.MCGILL.CA>
To: Recipients of MAX digests <MAX@LISTS.MCGILL.CA>


There are 14 messages totalling 702 lines in this issue.

Topics in this special issue:

  1. mathematical problem (msp)
  2. connectix / big eye
  3. sine-sawtooth transition
  4. coll
  5. nato+0.55 review
  6. saving bug
  7. crashes / sleeping
  8. Re :Subject: connectix cam & BigEye
  9. prime number generator
  10. What's up in NY?
  11. Hong Kong newbie
  12. MAX for Windows
  13. TELNET external
  14. <No subject given>

----------------------------------------------------------------------

Date:Sun, 19 Sep 1999 01:10:01 +0300
From:Tom Mays <tmays@HOL.GR>
Subject: Re: mathematical problem (msp)

>>i failed solving a simple mathematiccal problem in msp :
>>i need to distort a sine wave into an almost sawtooth like shape. what i am
>>looking for is a patcher which has an input for a phase (e.g: from phasor~ )
>>and a distortion index for the shape of the wave form ( 0 could mean sine
>>wave, almost -1 could mean almost sawtooth falling, almost +1 almost sawtooth
>>rising ) this input does not have to be a signal input, float would be
>>also ok
>>. and of cource a signal output for the waveform
>>any idea ? thanks in advance
!

>It depends how you would like to go from here to there.
>An easy way is to use two cycle objects, one with a sine (which means set
>0.75 for the phase) and one with a sawtooth (which you need to put in the
>first 512 memory locations of a buffer).


For those who are a little lazy and don't want to load a buffer~ with a
sawtooth,
don't forget that phasor~ is itself a sawtooth that just needs to be scaled
and
zero-centered (it goes from 0 to 1 and will need to go from -1 to 1 to be a
well-
behaved audio signal). For whatever it's worth, here's a patch that
performes the
initially requested "thing" as stated, but I have two things to say about it.

1) an up saw sounds the same as a down saw.

2) kink~ probably does exactly what you are looking for already...
"Can you say CZ-101? Sure you can."


Tom Mays


--"Down with segmented patchcords!"--


max v2;
#N vpatcher 144 112 594 485;
#P newex 110 61 35 196617 abs 0.;
#P newex 335 169 45 196617 loadbang;
#P message 335 190 75 196617 2 \, delay 28.279999;
#P message 110 105 35 196617 \$1 10;
#P newex 110 123 39 196617 line~ 1;
#P message 181 105 35 196617 \$1 10;
#P newex 110 83 68 196617 expr 1.0-$f1;
#P newex 181 123 30 196617 line~;
#P flonum 181 45 35 9 -1 1 3 3;
#P newex 90 152 30 196617 *~ 1;
#P newex 181 162 30 196617 *~ 0;
#P user scope~ 184 218 296 268 2 3 128 -1. 1. 0 28.279999 0 0.;
#P newex 163 188 27 196617 +~;
#P message 118 277 27 196617 stop;
#P message 44 277 65 196617 startwindow;
#P newex 238 144 28 196617 -~ 1;
#P newex 238 124 30 196617 *~ 2;
#P newex 163 275 39 196617 *~ 0.1;
#P newex 155 323 29 196617 dac~;
#P newex 238 104 65 196617 phasor~ 440;
#P newex 7 134 59 196617 cycle~ 440;
#P comment 217 37 84 196617 -1. = saw down \; 0. = sine \; 1. = saw up;
#P connect 1 0 12 0;
#P connect 13 0 21 0;
#P connect 21 0 15 0;
#P connect 15 0 18 0;
#P connect 18 0 17 0;
#P connect 17 0 12 1;
#P connect 4 0 3 0;
#P connect 7 0 3 0;
#P connect 8 0 3 0;
#P connect 12 0 9 0;
#P connect 9 0 4 0;
#P connect 4 0 3 1;
#P connect 11 0 9 1;
#P connect 13 0 16 0;
#P connect 16 0 14 0;
#P connect 14 0 11 0;
#P connect 9 0 10 0;
#P connect 19 0 10 0;
#P connect 6 0 11 1;
#P connect 2 0 5 0;
#P connect 5 0 6 0;
#P connect 20 0 19 0;
#P pop;

------------------------------

Date:Sun, 19 Sep 1999 00:30:48 -0400
From:johnny DeKam <johnny@NODE.NET>
Subject: connectix / big eye

> From:david stevens <david@RESONANT.DEMON.CO.UK>
> Subject: connectix cam & BigEye


> so does anyone know of somewhere that i can get hold of an older connectix >
>type vcam that will plug into my powerbook G3/233?

best bet is http://www.ebay.com/-- many people get rid of them.


> also - does anyone know if i _can_ connect one of these cameras directly into
> the powerbook without a video card,

The old Quickcam only requires a serial port -- your problem then is that
there is only one serial port on a Powerbook, thus rendering MIDI useless.
much better alternative would be Irez Capsure card (PCCard "zoomed" video)
much better quality, much better frame rate, color... doesn't require a
serial port... inexpensive: $99http://www.irez.com/-- or mail order
catalogs.

> and has anyone one had any experience of using BigEye to control max? (i'm
> assuming that i'll need to run BigEye on one machine, and max/msp on a
> seperate machine)

yes... this is the best situation, though you can use the IAC bus as well on
the same machine... but both programs are cpu hungry. BigEye data is very
chaotic... you can use it raw if you like that sort of thing or filter the
data on the way in with Max.

an alternative for video tracking is ericsinger's videoin object, --
http://www.ericsinger.com/which behaves much like BigEye inside of Max --
(not quite as extensive tracking though)

--deKam
http://node.net/

------------------------------

Date:Sun, 19 Sep 1999 09:19:18 -0700
From:Christopher Dobrian <dobrian@UCI.EDU>
Subject: sine-sawtooth transition

Regarding how to modulate a sinusoid into a sawtooth:

Try the kink~ object. It is for implementing "phase distortion" synthesis,
a la Casio. It produces a smooth transition from a sinusoid to a
sawtooth-like waveform. (Not precisely a sawtooth, but close enough for
computer music.) The transition sounds much smoother than a simple
crossfade between the two waveforms.

Here are patchers to demonstrate the difference between these two approaches:

*************** kink~demo ***************

max v2;
#N vpatcher 50 40 452 447;
#P newex 65 77 27 1441802 256;
#P comment 118 174 51 1310730 Amplitude;
#P flonum 83 174 35 10 0 1 3 22;
#P newex 32 162 43 1441802 cycle~;
#P newex 310 47 27 1441802 1;
#P newex 310 22 53 1441802 loadbang;
#P comment 190 69 105 1310730 (Try dragging this from 1 to 0.5 or from 1 to
20);
#P comment 142 45 48 1310730 Distortion Index;
#P comment 100 98 48 1310730 Frequency;
#P number 120 200 35 10 0 0 0 22;
#P toggle 16 71 15 0;
#P newex 32 223 32 1441802 dac~;
#P user scope~ 94 223 354 353 2 3 128 -1. 1. 0 0. 0 0.;
#P newex 32 197 27 1441802 *~;
#P newex 148 95 68 1441802 pack 0. 10;
#P flonum 148 77 35 10 0 0 1 22;
#P newex 148 116 38 1441802 line~;
#P newex 65 139 93 1441802 kink~;
#P flonum 65 98 35 10 0 0 0 22;


#P newex 65 116 50 1441802 phasor~;
#P comment 8 45 36 1310730 Audio On/Off;
#P connect 17 0 7 0;
#P connect 7 0 9 0;
#P fasten 10 0 9 0 21 218 37 218;
#P fasten 18 0 7 1 88 193 54 193;
#P fasten 7 0 9 1 37 218 59 218;
#P fasten 15 0 20 0 315 43 70 43;
#P connect 20 0 2 0;
#P connect 2 0 1 0;
#P connect 1 0 3 0;
#P connect 3 0 17 1;
#P fasten 16 0 18 0 315 170 88 170;
#P fasten 11 0 8 0 125 219 99 219;
#P fasten 7 0 8 0 37 218 99 218;
#P fasten 16 0 11 0 315 196 125 196;
#P fasten 16 0 5 0 315 69 153 69;
#P connect 5 0 6 0;
#P connect 6 0 4 0;
#P connect 4 0 3 1;
#P connect 15 0 16 0;
#P pop;

*****************************************

*************** xfadedemo ***************

max v2;
#N vpatcher 50 40 522 509;
#P message 228 153 20 1441802 10;
#P newex 132 171 74 1441802 expr 1.-$f1;
#P newex 145 200 38 1441802 line~;
#P newex 64 200 55 1441802 line~ 1.;
#P comment 141 55 49 1310730 Sine Phase;
#P newex 152 24 53 1441802 loadbang;
#P newex 354 53 27 1441802 1;
#P newex 61 53 32 1441802 256.;
#P newex 109 53 32 1441802 0.75;
#P number 267 274 35 10 0 0 0 22;
#P user scope~ 90 301 349 431 2 3 128 -1. 1. 0 0. 0 0.;
#P comment 241 129 100 1310730 Balance (sine-sawtooth);
#P flonum 206 129 35 10 0 0 0 22;
#P newex 206 108 43 1441802 * 0.01;
#P user hslider 206 87 18 128 101 1 0 0;
#P comment 168 251 49 1310730 Amplitude;
#P flonum 133 250 35 10 0 1 3 22;
#P newex 61 272 82 1441802 *~;
#P comment 55 71 49 1310730 Frequency;
#P toggle 8 56 15 0;
#P newex 50 300 32 1441802 dac~;
#P newex 86 223 69 1441802 *~;
#P newex 36 223 38 1441802 *~;
#P flonum 61 85 35 10 0 0 0 22;
#P newex 86 171 38 1441802 +~ 1.;
#P newex 86 149 44 1441802 *~ -2.;
#P newex 86 126 50 1441802 phasor~;
#P newex 36 126 43 1441802 cycle~;
#P comment 0 30 35 1310730 Audio On/Off;
#P connect 5 0 1 0;
#P connect 1 0 6 0;
#P fasten 11 0 8 0 66 294 55 294;
#P fasten 9 0 8 0 13 295 55 295;
#P fasten 23 0 21 0 157 45 66 45;
#P connect 21 0 5 0;
#P fasten 7 0 11 0 91 244 66 244;
#P fasten 6 0 11 0 41 244 66 244;
#P fasten 27 0 25 0 137 192 69 192;


#P connect 25 0 6 1;
#P fasten 20 0 1 1 114 114 74 114;
#P fasten 11 0 8 1 66 294 77 294;
#P connect 5 0 2 0;
#P connect 2 0 3 0;
#P connect 3 0 4 0;
#P connect 4 0 7 0;
#P fasten 19 0 18 0 272 295 95 295;
#P fasten 11 0 18 0 66 294 95 294;
#P fasten 23 0 20 0 157 45 114 45;
#P fasten 28 0 25 1 233 196 114 196;
#P fasten 22 0 2 1 359 81 131 81;
#P fasten 16 0 27 0 211 148 137 148;
#P fasten 22 0 12 0 359 246 138 246;
#P connect 12 0 11 1;
#P fasten 16 0 26 0 211 192 150 192;
#P connect 26 0 7 1;
#P fasten 28 0 26 1 233 196 178 196;
#P connect 14 0 15 0;
#P connect 15 0 16 0;
#P fasten 16 0 28 0 211 148 233 148;
#P fasten 22 0 19 0 359 246 272 246;
#P fasten 23 0 22 0 157 45 359 45;
#P pop;

*****************************************

--Chris

----------
Christopher Dobrian / Department of Music / University of California, Irvine
Phone: (949) 824-7288 / Fax: (949) 824-4914 / http://www.arts.uci.edu/dobrian

------------------------------

Date:Sun, 19 Sep 1999 12:58:32 -0400
From:Ken Gregory <kgregory@PANGEA.CA>
Subject: coll

>please help the newbie. Which of both is Max's 'Save coll with patcher'?
>

Max Reference manual page 143.

------------------------------

Date:Sun, 19 Sep 1999 17:46:40 -0400
From:johnny DeKam <johnny@NODE.NET>
Subject: nato+0.55 review

People interested in QuickTime/image processing in Max should
read my review. I took the plunge and purchased the object...

one word: exceptional

http://node.net/MAX/


--deKam

------------------------------

Date:Thu, 16 Sep 1999 21:29:06 -0000
From:Nick Rothwell <nick@CASSIEL.COM>
Subject: Re: saving bug


> The problem is that if a patcher loads a coll file that is saved as
> text, then you do a Save, that patcher will adopt the text format.

Hang on, didn't I report that bug here about a year ago?

Actually, I don't use colls at all, but have my own external object (a
registry-style data store) which uses the binbuf machinery. I find the
same in MAX 3.0: after some combination of registry reads/writes,
things revert to text. What's worse, occasionally a file will be saved
with MAX native as filetype but will actually contain text (or is it
the other way round? It's too sporadic to remember correctly). Once
the file type has been changed in ResEdit, it can be read safely.

> In addition, the next time you do a Save As..., the text
> radio button will be selected.

This also happens for me.

--

Nick RothwellCassiel.com Limited
nick@cassiel.comwww.cassiel.com
systems - composition - installation - performance

------------------------------

Date:Sun, 19 Sep 1999 18:18:52 -0400
From:Neal Farwell <nfarwell@FAS.HARVARD.EDU>
Subject: Re: crashes / sleeping

I don't know if this is relevant for new machines, but on my 8600/250 with
OS 8.1:

for the Energy Saver control panel to work, the Energy Saver extension must
also be installed. More importantly, if the extension is removed or
disabled, the system doesn't default to "never sleep" but to sleeping after
some period (iforget quite how long).
Also the control panel "show details" button gives options for separate
sleep times for display and hard disk: enable them, set to 'never', and
disable again (ok, that's probably being over cautious).

To sum up: to prevent sleeping, the Energy Saver extension and cp must both
be *present* and set to "never"...

Haven't checked with long-running Max/MSP programs, but the machine is
sometimes left for hours and doesn't "sleep". Hope it works for you...

Neal

=========================================
Neal Farwell

Visiting Fellow in Composition

Music Department
Harvard University
Cambridge MA 02138

(617) 591-9478

nfarwell@fas.harvard.edu

http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~nfarwell
=========================================

------------------------------


Date:Mon, 20 Sep 1999 03:27:39 +0100
From:TodorTodoroff <todor.todoroff@SKYNET.BE>
Subject: Re :Subject: connectix cam & BigEye

Hi David,

> so does anyone know of somewhere that i can get hold of an older connecti=
x
type
> vcam that will plug into my powerbook G3/233?
> also - does anyone know if i _can_ connect one of these cameras directly =
into
> the powerbook without a video card,
> and has anyone one had any experience of using BigEye to control max? (i'=
m
> assuming that i'll need to run BigEye on one machine, and max/msp on a
> seperate machine)
I only just tried experimenting with Big Eye Demo version.
I tried it with a cheap and small (about 3.5x3.5 cm) color camera sending a
composite signal.
I tried both with the original video input from a PM8500 (with XLR8
G3/300MHz upgrade) and on a iMAC with USB XLR8 digitizer. I guess that woul=
d
work on your powerbook too.

In both configurations I could run BigEye simultaneously with MAX/MSP,
linked through OMS IAC Bus. I haven't had time yet to experiment a lot, but
it seemed to work fine. I will be able to say more about it in the next
months when I will start to work on an interactive choreography.
The biggest concern I have is that it is impossible to manually control the
aperture of that cheap camera, so that if the background of the subject get=
s
lighter, the electronic shutter control makes the subject look darker and
poses problems for object following functions.of BigEye.

Todor

------------------------------------
Todor Todoroff
Art, Recherche, Technologie et Musique asbl (ARTeM)
273, Rue du Progr=E8s
B-1030 Bruxelles
Belgique

email: todor.todoroff@skynet.be
Tel: +32 2 201 13 51
fax: +32 2 201 15 46
-----------------------------------

------------------------------

Date:Mon, 20 Sep 1999 12:11:48 +0000
From:Robert Henke <imbalance@BERLIN.SNAFU.DE>
Subject: prime number generator

Hi folks, i came up with a problem where i did need the first few hundred
prime numbers ( the problem was adjusting lots of delay lines in a non
repetitive manner...)
i did write a prime number generator. it`s not perfect because it should
not test the numbers with every odd number but only with prime factors but
it works fine if you need only the first few hundred prime numbers...

rob.


max v2;
#N vpatcher 51 40 836 750;
#P newex 81 80 45 196617 b 3;
#P button 81 31 41 0;
#P button 134 170 15 0;
#P newex 203 78 66 196617 t b b;
#P message 233 243 14 196617 1;
#P newex 134 140 41 196617 delay 1;
#P newex 203 53 41 196617 delay 1;
#P button 161 625 15 0;
#P number 161 526 57 14 0 0 0 3;
#P newex 161 500 27 196617 i;
#P message 203 243 14 196617 2;
#P newex 271 576 32 196617 == 0.;
#P newex 271 524 27 196617 t f i;
#P newex 271 549 27 196617 - 0.;
#P newex 134 309 27 196617 t i i;
#P button 195 454 15 0;
#P newex 242 477 27 196617 i;
#P newex 271 499 27 196617 / 0.;
#P newex 161 430 44 196617 select 1;
#P toggle 161 407 15 0;
#P newex 161 384 27 196617 >;
#P newex 134 337 27 196617 << 1;
#P comment 311 274 13 196617 n;
#P newex 259 205 27 196617 i;
#P newex 259 241 27 196617 + 2;
#P number 259 273 35 9 0 0 0 3;
#P button 259 166 15 0;
#P number 134 281 35 9 0 0 0 3;
#P newex 134 249 27 196617 + 1;
#P newex 134 213 27 196617 i;
#P comment 113 282 13 196617 m;
#N coll ;
#P newobj 616 574 40 196617 coll;
#P newex 532 463 85 196617 counter;
#P newex 532 534 70 196617 prepend store;
#P message 616 498 31 196617 clear;
#P newex 599 373 27 196617 b 2;
#P newex 532 511 40 196617 pack i i;
#P newex 532 422 40 196617 t b i;
#P number 473 493 56 9 0 0 0 3;
#P message 632 544 33 196617 write;
#P newex 271 601 44 196617 select 0;
#P button 306 623 15 0;
#P comment 337 272 100 196617 n is number to be tested;
#P comment 338 306 100 196617 m is counter up to n/2;
#P comment 85 385 72 196617 this checks out if m*2>n;
#P comment 306 520 100 196617 this checks out if n/m is an int or a float;
#P comment 338 395 100 196617 a number (n) which cannot divided through any
number between 2 and n/2 is considered as prime...;
#P comment 128 32 39 196617 Go !!;
#P comment 487 582 100 196617 stores prime numbers in a coll....;
#P connect 11 0 16 0;
#P connect 11 1 12 1;
#P connect 9 0 17 0;
#P connect 38 0 21 0;
#P connect 44 0 23 0;
#P connect 14 0 17 0;
#P connect 12 0 15 0;
#P connect 15 0 17 0;
#P connect 13 0 16 2;
#P connect 13 1 14 0;
#P connect 16 0 10 0;
#P connect 16 0 12 0;


#P connect 45 0 38 0;
#P connect 45 1 22 0;
#P connect 42 0 45 0;
#P connect 33 0 32 0;
#P connect 39 0 40 0;
#P fasten 48 0 46 0 86 99 86 154;
#P fasten 48 2 13 0 120 106 177 106 177 28 604 28;
#P fasten 48 1 44 0 103 117 238 117;
#P connect 21 0 34 0;
#P connect 22 0 25 0;
#P fasten 21 0 19 1 139 304 180 304 180 208 156 208;
#P fasten 8 0 43 0 276 662 82 662 82 121 139 121;
#P connect 37 0 8 0;
#P connect 8 1 7 0;
#P connect 36 0 35 0;
#P connect 36 1 35 1;
#P connect 47 0 48 0;
#P connect 34 0 27 0;
#P fasten 34 1 31 1 156 331 293 331;
#P fasten 41 0 42 0 166 650 334 650 334 40 208 40;
#P connect 35 0 37 0;
#P connect 31 0 36 0;
#P connect 32 0 31 0;
#P connect 30 0 39 0;
#P connect 30 1 33 0;
#P connect 43 0 46 0;
#P connect 28 0 29 0;
#P connect 27 0 28 0;
#P connect 24 0 23 0;
#P connect 25 0 24 0;
#P connect 20 0 21 0;
#P connect 19 0 20 0;
#P fasten 7 0 42 0 311 644 334 644 334 39 208 39;
#P connect 46 0 19 0;
#P connect 29 0 30 0;
#P fasten 23 0 39 1 264 455;
#P fasten 23 0 28 1 264 351;
#P connect 23 0 32 1;
#P fasten 23 0 25 1 264 296 305 296 305 200 281 200;
#P connect 40 0 41 0;
#P fasten 40 0 11 0 166 568 461 568 461 393 537 393;
#P pop;

------------------------------

Date:Mon, 20 Sep 1999 09:36:20 -0400
From:Michael Sweet <msweet@BWAY.NET>
Subject: Re: What's up in NY?

Matt Wright wrote:

> There's an "Art Wall" in Union Square (14th St and 3rd ave). You can't miss
> it. As of about a week ago it uses Max/MSP to blast a sound out into one of
> the noisiest intersections on the planet every hour between 9am and midnight,
> on the hour. Noon and Midnight have longer and perhaps more musically
> interesting sounds.

This exhibit has caused much controversy in NYC. It's actually located above the
Virgin Record Store on Park and 14th Street (instead of 3rd). The people that
live around that area have already shutoff part of the exhibit which they say
causes too much light pollution at night. Although I work only five blocks away,
I haven't acually heard the sound portion yet...but am anxious to finally get a
chance to listen to it. I know there is a web site that describes it...does
anyone have the address?

--Michael Sweet


------------------------------

Date:Sun, 19 Sep 1999 12:14:28 +0800
From:Andrew Pask <pukunui@IBM.NET>
Subject: Hong Kong newbie

Hi folks from the not so fragrant murky toxic harbour.
I'd like to find out a way to convert a sound file (say AIFF) into MP3
format and send it as an email attachment from MAX/MSP.My apologies if this
has already been put to bedhere recently;if so,would someone kindly point
me in the right direction? .Come to think of it,are there MSP patches for
other general sound file conversions?If not, does anybody know the
whereabouts of sound file specs or perhaps know whether or not this even a
vaguely realistic objective?
Also if there's anybody out there who can point me in the direction of MAX
people/events/whathaveyou in theLos Angeles area,I would very much
appreciate it .
Cheers,
Andrew

------------------------------

Date:Sun, 19 Sep 1999 15:16:32 +0200
From:"dominique.david5" <dominique.david5@LIBERTYSURF.FR>
Subject: MAX for Windows

Hello

I am back to the list after a few months, and my first question is to know
about the availability of MAX for the Window platform.

Any news ? Is it still announced? Soon?

Thanks by advance if anybody can answer.

Dominique

------------------------------

Date:Mon, 20 Sep 1999 13:49:23 +0200
From:Dragan Petrovic <petrovic@CYBERCABLE.FR>
Subject: TELNET external

Hello
I am looking for max TELNET external object.
Thanks.

--
Dragan
C - C++ - Max - MSP programing
petrovic@cybercable.fr

------------------------------

Date:Mon, 20 Sep 1999 08:15:50 -0400
From:James Paul Sain <jsain@UFL.EDU>
Subject: <No subject given>

Colleagues:

Sorry to bother you once more but a colleague pointed out an error in
my most recent posting. The call for works/papers/presentations/etc.
for the 9th Annual Florida Electroacoustic Music Festival should be
listed as taking place on the following date, 2000 not 1999 (as much
as I would like to have another shot at last year...time travel is
yet to be perfected).


**************

Ninth Annual Florida Electroacoustic Music Festival
April 6-8, 2000
University of Florida

http://emu.music.ufl.edu/femf/

**************

My apologies (with an embarrassed look on my face).

Best Regards
Jim

_________________________________________________________________________
Dr. James Paul Sain, Assoc. Prof. |jsain@ufl.edu
Composition, Theory, and Technology |http://nersp.nerdc.ufl.edu/~jsain
Area Head|(352)392-0223 ext 240 office
Director of Electroacoustic Music|(352)392-0461 fax
Univ. of Florida School of Music| Florida Electroacoustic Music Studio
130 Music Bldg/POB 117900|http://emu.music.ufl.edu/
Gainesville, FL32611-7900 USA|(352)392-0223 ext 305 studio vmail
__________________________________________________________________________

------------------------------

End of MAX Digest - 18 Sep 1999 to 21 Sep 1999 - Special issue (#1999-278)
**************************************************************************